How To Start A Profitable Plantain Chips Production And Sales Business In Nigeria

Plantain chips business can be one of the most profitable ventures to venture into in Nigeria. With the huge population and love for plantain chips by Nigerians, the market is wide open for exploring. However, to successfully run a plantain chips production and sales company, it is crucial to understand the crucial steps involved. This guide provides comprehensive details on how to launch and scale a sustainable plantain chips business in Nigeria.

How To Start A Profitable Plantain Chips Production And Sales Business In Nigeria

1. Conduct Feasibility Studies

The first step is to conduct in-depth market research and feasibility studies. This involves identifying target markets, studying customer demographics, analyzing competition, and identifying opportunities. Research availability and prices of raw materials like plantain varieties. Study equipment, production processes, packaging, and important compliance requirements. Understand financial implications like startup costs, ongoing operating expenses, projected sales, and profitability. A professionally written feasibility report helps secure funding.

2. Write A Comprehensive Business Plan

Develop a detailed business plan highlighting all aspects of the envisioned business. The plan must provide an executive summary, company description, industry analysis, market strategies, operating model details, management team, and financial projections. A convincing business plan is key to attracting investors and forming crucial partnerships. Business plan samples and templates can be referred to for guidance.

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3. Register The Business

Register the proposed business name with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). This protects the business identity and prevents impersonation. Registration with other relevant agencies like the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) must also be obtained for food production businesses. NAFDAC registration involves thorough facility and product inspection to ensure hygiene and food safety standards are met.

4. Source For Funding

Funding is required to set up the production unit, purchase required machinery, raw materials, and packaging items, and for working capital. Major funding options include personal savings, family and friends, bank loans, angel investors, and venture capital. Presenting a solid business plan is crucial for convincing investors and financial institutions to provide the necessary capital.

5. Set Up The Production Facility

Rent or construct an appropriately sized production facility ideally located for access to raw materials and major markets. The facility must meet hygiene, safety, and other compliance standards of regulatory authorities. Install necessary machinery and equipment for various production processes like slicing, frying, and packaging. Also invest in workplace tools, furniture, quality assurance equipment, storage spaces, etc.

6. Purchase Raw Materials

Major raw materials required are different plantain varieties, cooking oil, spices, food colors, packaging materials, etc. Establish linkages with reliable suppliers for the timely supply of raw materials at competitive bulk rates. Strategic storage spaces must be created to ensure uninterrupted production. Raw materials inventory management is crucial to avoid stock-outs and wastages.

7. Recruit And Train Staff

Hire qualified personnel to manage different departments and production processes. Train all staff on workplace safety, quality standards, hygiene practices, customer service skills, etc. Ensure proper documentation of staff details, terms of employment, code of conduct, etc. Offer attractive remuneration and benefits to retain a talented workforce.

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8. Commence Trial Production Runs

Conduct trial production runs after commissioning all machinery to test processes and product quality. Obtain feedback from potential customers and modify processes for large-scale production. Register specific product varieties that will be mass-produced with regulatory agencies. Test various packaging designs and styles to identify the most appealing presentations for customers.

9. Start Full-Scale Production

With all preparations in place, commence full-scale production and packaging in commercial quantities as per market demand projections. Ensure output quality is consistently according to set standards through quality control checks. Evaluate production efficiency and identify areas for improvement. Maintain a hygienic production area to avoid contamination.

10. Engage In Sales And Distribution

Collaborate with commissioned distributors, wholesalers, retailers, and supermarket chains to reach target audiences. Display eye-catching signages at point-of-sales. Distribute product samples strategically and run promotional campaigns to create brand awareness. Consider alternative sales channels like online retail platforms and strategic partnerships. Maintain competitive pricing for strong sales performance.

Some Additional Insights on the Plantain Chips Business in Nigeria

Market Size and Potential

  • Nigeria produces over 2.7 million metric tons of plantains annually, making it the world’s largest producer.
  • Plantain is a staple food for many Nigerians. This translates to a huge market potential for plantain-based snacks like plantain chips.
  • The snack foods industry in Nigeria is valued at over $1 billion and is growing at 15% annually. Plantain chips have a huge share of this market.

Popular Varieties

  • French plantain or matooke is commonly used for its soft and sweet taste when ripe.
  • Horn plantain has a long shape and firm flesh, suitable for unripe chips.
  • Other varieties include agbagba, odongbo, and idileri.
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Production Process

  • Thoroughly wash and peel raw plantains. Slice uniformly 0.5cm thick using machines or manually.
  • Soak slices in water to prevent browning. Drain and dry well.
  • Deep fry in vegetable oil at 160-180°C until golden brown and crispy.
  • Drain on absorbent paper, season with salt/spices, and pack immediately while hot.

Additional Products

  • Flavored chips – Barbecue, chili, cheese & herb flavors expand the product range.
  • Plantain crisps/wafers – Thinner slices baked to a crisp texture.
  • Plantain flour – Made from overripe plantains, used in baking products.

Scaling Options

  • Improve machinery to boost efficiency and quality control.
  • Expand distribution channels through aggregators and e-commerce.
  • Introduce co-packing services to other fast-moving consumer brands.
  • Consider backward integration into a plantain farm to secure raw materials.

Key Success Factors

  • Consistent product quality and hygiene practices.
  • Creative marketing and packaging that stands out on shelves.
  • Strategic partnerships with major retailers and distributors.
  • Proper financial management and optimization of production processes.



What is the startup capital required?

A minimum of N1 million is required to set up a production facility and commence operations. Large-scale production requires N5-10 million capital outlay.

How profitable is this business?

With proper planning and execution, a plantain chips business can be highly profitable. Net profits of 30-50% on total costs are realistic within 2 years of operation.

What certifications are needed?

NAFDAC registration is mandatory for food production businesses in Nigeria. Additional certifications like HACCP and ISO 22000 boost credibility.

What are the key challenges?

Seasonality of raw material supplies, price fluctuations, competing products, and maintaining consistent quality standards amid bulk production pose challenges.

How to increase the customer base rapidly?

Leverage digital marketing and influencer collaborations for wider reach. Offer introductory discounted offers, run promotional competitions, and reward customer loyalty and referrals.



The plantain chips business remains a profitable venture in Nigeria given the year-round availability of raw materials and the popularity of the snack. With proper planning and investment coupled with consistent quality production, hygiene, and marketing efforts, prospective entrepreneurs can establish a lucrative plantain chips production company generating a sustainable income stream. Following the steps highlighted in this guide systematically will lead to a successful start and scale of this business in Nigeria.


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