Top 10 Universities To Study Animal Health And Production in Nigeria

Animal health and production are important fields vital for Nigeria’s agricultural industry. They encompass taking care of livestock, ensuring their welfare, disease prevention, breeding, and maximizing output. Choosing the right university to acquire knowledge in these areas is key to becoming a skilled professional. This article looks at 10 top universities in Nigeria that offer excellent programs in animal health and production.

Top 10 Universities To Study Animal Health And Production in Nigeria

1. Ahmadu Bello University

Located in Zaria, Ahmadu Bello University is renowned for its agriscience programs. The Department of Veterinary Medicine offers comprehensive courses covering various aspects of animal health, disease management, and production systems. Students get hands-on training at the university farms and diagnostic laboratories.

2. University of Ibadan

As Nigeria’s oldest university, the University of Ibadan is known for its high-quality education. The Department of Veterinary Medicine provides world-class training in veterinary anatomy, microbiology, pharmacology, and public health. The university develops globally competitive professionals equal to the task.

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3. Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta

Being a specialized agriculture university, FUNAAB prioritizes practical learning. The Department of Animal Production and Health teaches livestock management, herd health programs, and feedlot operations. Students benefit immensely from its industry collaborations and research projects.

4. University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Having a long-standing reputation, the University of Nigeria, Nsukka maintains top-tier standards. Its Department of Veterinary Medicine covers clinical subjects, disease investigation, and food safety. World-class facilities like the Veterinary Teaching Hospital and farms enhance the learning experience.

5. University of Ilorin

The University of Ilorin provides a veterinary education that balances theory and practice. In addition to lectures, students attend outpatient clinics, diagnostic laboratories, and field activities for hands-on insight. This well-rounded training equips them with all the necessary skills.

6. University of Jos

At the University of Jos, the Department of Veterinary Medicine features specializations in food science, epidemiology, and animal industries. It has state-of-the-art infrastructure including digital libraries and simulation labs to facilitate progressive learning.

7. University of Maiduguri

The University of Maiduguri prioritizes research with its cutting-edge facilities. Under its Department of Veterinary Medicine, students investigate zoonotic diseases, livestock management practices, and more. Collaborations with the industry enhance their career readiness.

8. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

With a focus on agriculture and veterinary education, MOUAU delivers practically oriented training. Its Department of Veterinary Medicine incorporates field operations, diagnostic practices, and community services into education.

9. Obafemi Awolowo University

Located in a serene environment, OAU facilitates productive learning. It offers specializations in theriogenology, public health, and food safety under the Department of Veterinary Medicine.

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10. Usmanu Danfodiyo University

The Department of Veterinary Medicine at Usmanu Danfodiyo University prepares professionals to tackle livestock issues using a holistic One Health approach. It has facilities like the Teaching & Research Farm that complement classroom teachings.

Specialization Available in Postgraduate Programs

Some areas for specialization available in postgraduate programs related to animal health and production in Nigerian universities include:

  • Veterinary Public Health: Covers control of zoonotic diseases, food safety inspection, and livestock management for disease prevention.
  • Theriogenology: Focuses on reproduction in domestic animals including infertility issues, artificial insemination, and pregnancy diagnosis.
  • Animal Nutrition: Involves optimizing feed rations for livestock through analytical techniques and experimental feeding trials.
  • Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Investigation: Emphasizes surveillance, outbreak management, and developing preventive strategies against endemic and emerging animal diseases.
  • Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology: Involves studies related to drugs, biologics, and chemicals used in veterinary medicine in addition to residue management.
  • Livestock Production: Concentrates on improving productivity through genetic selection, herd health supervision, and intensive/extensive production systems.
  • Poultry and Fish Health: Incorporates studies on diseases of economic importance in poultry, fish, and shellfish species and their prevention and treatment.
  • Wildlife and Conservation Medicine: Encompasses health issues faced by wildlife, ecosystem health, conservation biology, and wildlife-livestock interactions.
  • Veterinary Anatomy and Pathology: Advances knowledge in anatomical structures, histopathological diagnosis of conditions, and tissue sample evaluation methods.

Career Prospects

Graduates can become veterinarians, animal scientists, public health officers, quality controllers, researchers, and lecturers after acquiring relevant work experience.

Funding Opportunities

Scholarships from TETFund, Educational Trust Fund, foreign universities, and professional bodies are available to support education in this field.

Specialized Fields

Students can further specialize in areas like veterinary public health, theriogenology, animal production, and wildlife/fish medicine through postgraduate studies.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What courses do universities in Nigeria offer in animal health and production?

Universities in Nigeria typically offer undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Public Health, Animal Production and Health, Animal Science and Technology. At the undergraduate level, some courses covered include veterinary anatomy, physiology, microbiology, pathology, epidemiology, pharmacology, theriogenology, and livestock management. Postgraduate programs allow for specialization in areas such as wildlife diseases, food safety, epidemiology, and animal husbandry.

what career prospects are there after graduating with a degree in this field?

Common career options after graduation include animal health inspectors, livestock farmers, laboratory technicians, animal nutrition advisors, quality controllers, researchers, university lecturers, and veterinarians working in private practice, government facilities, or non-governmental organizations. Some may also become managers at animal supply companies, abattoirs, feed mills, or livestock/dairy farms.

What facilities do top universities have to aid practical training?

Most leading universities are equipped with teaching hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, poultry/fish farms, large and small animal clinics, necropsy halls, pharmacies, and isolation units. They offer hands-on experience in clinical examination, surgery, calving, lambing, sample collection, record keeping, and diagnostic testing amongst others. Students also benefit from research labs, lecture halls equipped with multimedia aids, and well-stocked libraries/digital repositories.

Can local or international scholarships fund my education in this field?

Yes, there are various scholarship opportunities. Locally, TETFund and Educational Trust Fund sponsor education. International programs like Fulbright, DAAD Ideas, Chevening, and Erasmus Mundus are also available. Professional organizations in the field may provide funding. Top universities also have bursaries and tuition waivers for exemplary students. Careful research of eligibility criteria will help identify suitable schemes.

How long will it take to complete my studies in this field?

An undergraduate degree in Veterinary Medicine, Animal Health, or Production takes a minimum of 5 years of full-time study to complete in Nigeria. For non-medical veterinary courses or direct-entry veterinary programs, the duration is 4 years. Postgraduate degrees like Masters take 1-2 years while PhDs are 3-5 years depending on the research work involved. Part-time or modular studies may extend the tenure accordingly.



Pursuing education in animal health and production from any of the top 10 Nigerian universities listed provides a strong footing for a successful career. Students gain world-class training backed by qualified lecturers, cutting-edge infrastructure, and opportunities for specialization. These institutions groom professionals equipped to champion livestock growth and safe food production in the country.


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